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Samsung_X30_WVC_1700

This article is part of the Hardware series.
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General

In this guide I want to describe howto install Gentoo Linux on a Samsung X30 Laptop with special focus on the WVC 1700 specialities.

I bought my X30 in April 2004 and recently decided to install Linux too, because some things simply work better. I stick to the excellent guide for the Samsung X30 WVC 1500 and mention the differences.

So now let's begin. I'll just write down the problems I was confronted with during the installation and which solutions I found.

Basic installation

The basic installation of gentoo works without problems. Just follow the installation-guide on www.gentoo.org/doc. I simply left these cflags because I don't think that other cflags enhance the performance:

File: /etc/make.conf
CFLAGS="-O2 -march=pentium4"
CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
CXXFLAGS="${CFLAGS}"

USE="-qt -kde gtk gnome hal howl dvd acpi alsa cdr avi ethereal gif imap jpeg junit mpeg \
     oggvorbis opengl pcmcia png pnp quicktime samba ssl tiff truetype usb wmf X x86"

I currently use gentoo-dev-sources-2.6.12-r9. Nearly everything works with that release. Even S3 suspend works fine, the only problem is, that the nvidia-video-card doesn't support ACPI, yet, and that the display isn't reinitialized after S3 resume so practically S3 is unusable. This is not a kernel-side but a driver-side bug!

Graphics card

nvidia provides pretty good drivers, which are also in the portage tree. Unfortunately they still seem to have problems with s3-suspend.

It is important that the module is loaded at startup. Even if you have automatic module loading enabled you should append the following line to your /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6:

File: /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6
# video-card
nvidia

Synaptics touchpad

A second thing we should do before configuring the x-server is to emerge x11-misc/synaptics to support our touchpad. Configuration of the touchpad will be done in the next section.

x.org

Simply follow the desktop-configuration-recources provided by gentoo.org. The tricky part is to set up your {filename|/etc/X11/xorg.conf} to use the 1680x1050-display resolution of the internal display. Simply use the following xorg.conf. Note that I have not yet gotten TV-Out and the VGA-Out to work properly.

File: /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Section "Files"
    RgbPath	"/usr/lib/X11/rgb"
    # For XFS, uncomment this and comment the others
    # FontPath	"unix/:-1"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/local/"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/misc/"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/75dpi/:unscaled"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/100dpi/:unscaled"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/Type1/"
    FontPath    "/usr/share/fonts/TTF/"
#    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/CID/"
#    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/Speedo/"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/75dpi/"
    FontPath	"/usr/share/fonts/100dpi/"
    ModulePath	"/usr/lib/modules"
EndSection

# **********************************************************************
# Module section -- this is an optional section which is used to specify
# which run-time loadable modules to load when the X server starts up.
# **********************************************************************
Section "Module"
    Load	"dbe" # Double-Buffering Extension
    Load	"dri" # Direct Rendering Interface
    Load	"glx" # nvidia GLX
    Load	"extmod"
# This loads the Type1 and FreeType font modules
    Load	"type1"
    Load	"freetype"
# Synaptics Touchpad
    Load	"synaptics"

EndSection

# **********************************************************************
# Server flags section.  This contains various server-wide Options.
# **********************************************************************
Section "ServerFlags"
    Option	"blank time"	"10"	# 10 minutes
    Option	"standby time"	"20"
    Option	"suspend time"	"30"
    Option	"off time"	"60"
EndSection

# **********************************************************************
# Input devices
# **********************************************************************
# **********************************************************************
# Core keyboard's InputDevice section
# **********************************************************************
Section "InputDevice"

    Identifier	"KeyboardLaptop"
    Driver	"keyboard"
    Option	"Xleds"	"1 2 3"
    Option	"CoreKeyboard"
    Option	"XkbModel"	"samsungx30"
    Option	"XkbRules"	"xorg"
    Option	"XkbLayout"	"de"
#    Option	"XkbVariant"	"nodeadkeys"
EndSection


# **********************************************************************
# Core Pointer's InputDevice section
# **********************************************************************
Section "InputDevice"
    Identifier	"MouseUSB"
    Driver	"mouse"
    Option	"CorePointer"
    Option	"Protocol"	"IMPS/2"
    Option	"Device"	"/dev/input/mice"
    Option	"ZAxisMapping"	"4 5"

EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
    Identifier	"MouseSynaptics"
    Driver	"synaptics"
    Option	"AlwaysCore"
    Option	"Device"	"/dev/psaux"
    Option	"Protocol"	"auto-dev"
    Option	"Buttons"	"5"
    Option	"LeftEdge"	"1700"
    Option	"RightEdge"	"5300"
    Option	"TopEdge"	"1700"
    Option	"BottomEdge"	"4200"
    Option	"FingerLow"	"25"
    Option	"FingerHigh"	"30"
    Option	"MaxTapTime"	"180"
    Option	"MaxTapMove"	"220"
    Option 	"VertScrollDelta"	"100"
    Option	"MinSpeed"	"0.06"
    Option	"MaxSpeed"	"0.12"
    Option	"AccelFactor"	"0.0010"
    Option	"SHMConfig"	"on"
    #Option	"Repeater"	"/dev/ps2mouse"
EndSection

# **********************************************************************
# Monitor section
# **********************************************************************
Section "Monitor"
    Identifier	"MonitorLaptop"
    VendorName	"Samsung"
    ModelName	"Flat Panel 1680x1050"

    HorizSync	31.5-90.0
    VertRefresh	59.0-85.0

# 1680x1050 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 65.22 kHz; pclk: 147.14 MHz
  Modeline "1680x1050"  147.14  1680 1784 1968 2256  1050 1051 1054 1087  -HSync +Vsync

    Option	"dpms"

EndSection

# **********************************************************************
# Graphics device section
# **********************************************************************
Section "Device"

    Identifier	"DeviceNvidia"
    Driver	"nvidia"
 
    Option	"NvAGP"	"1"
    Option	"DPMS"
    Option	"backingstore"
    Option      "IgnoreEDID"	"True"

# Screen  0
    Option	"TwinView"	"on"
    Option	"HorizSync"	"CRT-0: 30-50; DFP-0: 31.5-100"
    Option	"VertRefresh"	"CRT-0: 60; DFP-0: 59-76"
    Option	"MetaModes"	"CRT-0: 1680x1050,  DFP-0: 1680x1050"
    #Option	"ConnectedMonitor"	"CRT-0, DFP-0"
    #Option	"SecondMonitorHorizSync"	"31.5-100"
    #Option	"SecondMonitorVertRefresh"	"59-76"
    #Option	"TVStandard"	"PAL-B"
    #Option	"UseEdidFreqs"	"on"
    Option	"TwinViewOrientation"	"Clone"
EndSection

# **********************************************************************
# Screen sections.
# **********************************************************************
Section "Screen"
    Identifier	"ScreenLaptop"
    Device	"DeviceNvidia"
    Monitor	"MonitorLaptop"
    DefaultColorDepth	24

    Subsection "Display"
        Depth	24
        Modes	"1680x1050"
        Viewport	0 0
    EndSubsection
EndSection


# **********************************************************************
# ServerLayout sections.
# **********************************************************************
Section "ServerLayout"
    Identifier	"LayoutDefault"
    InputDevice	"MouseUSB"  "CorePointer"
    InputDevice	"MouseSynaptics" "AlwaysCore"
    InputDevice	"KeyboardLaptop" "CoreKeyboard"
    Screen 	"ScreenLaptop"
EndSection

Now type startx to test whether your x-server is working. If you see a nice nvidia-logo you're done! You can now add a graphical login-manager to the default runlevel:

rc-update add xdm default

Ethernet

The Broadcom Corporation BCM4401 100Base-T ethernet controller is supported by the kernel

Linux Kernel Configuration: Ethernet
Device Drivers  --->
  Networking support  --->
  [*] Networking support
  [*]   Network device support
          Ethernet (10 or 100Mbit)  --->
            [*] EISA, VLB, PCI and on board controllers
            <*>   Broadcom 4400 ethernet support (EXPERIMENTAL)

I saw no need to compile this as a module. You can now configure eth0 in /etc/conf.d/net and add it to the default-runlevel.

WLAN

See this guide.

Sound

The Soundcard is a AC97-Compliant "Cirrus Logic CS4202" which is supported by the kernel thanks to the ALSA-Project. Simply enable the appropriate module in your kernel-config:

Linux Kernel Configuration: Sound
Device Drivers  --->
  Sound  --->
  <M> Sound card support
    Advanced Linux Sound Architecture  --->
      <M> Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
      <M> Sequencer support
      <M>   Sequencer dummy client
      <M> OSS Mixer API
      <M> OSS PCM (digital audio) API
      [ ] OSS Sequencer API
      [ ] Verbose printk
      [ ] Debug
          PCI devices  --->
             <M> Intel/SiS/nVidia/AMD/ALi AC97 Controller

To avoid problems you should ensure that the sound-module is loaded at start-up even if you have module-auto-loading enabled. So append the following line to /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6:

File: /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6
# sound
snd-intel8x0

You can test the audio-device after having loaded the module:

Code: Loading sound-module
modprobe snd-intel8x0

Modem

The modem is a winmodem. Samsung says it is a AC97-compliant "SENS LT56ADW Modem" but actually I do not really care. The important thing is that it is supported by the kernel and the slmodem-package.

To make it work you need additional kernel modules and a userspace program. Enable the Kernel-Module:

Linux Kernel Configuration: Modem
Device Drivers  --->
  Sound  --->
  <M> Sound card support
    Advanced Linux Sound Architecture  --->
      PCI devices  --->
        <M> Intel/SiS/nVidia/AMD MC97 Modem (EXPERIMENTAL)

And recompile the Kernel.

The package is net-dialup/slmodem.

Code: Emerge slmodem
emerge '>=net-dialup/slmodem-2.9.9-r2'

Lookup your country in the list of supported countries.

Code: List supported countries
slmodemd --countrylist

Configure the modem-daemon. Be sure to substitute the COUNTRY parameter by the one you looked up.

File: /etc/conf.d/slmodem
# Config file for /etc/init.d/slmodemd

DEV=/dev/ttySL0
COUNTRY=AUSTRIA
GROUP=dialout
# the group should be kept in sync with:
# /etc/devfs.d/slmodem (devfs)
# /etc/udev/rules.d/55-slmodem.rules (udev)

# The following symlink will be created if uncommented
LN_DEV=/dev/modem

# Raise priority to reduce modem dropouts
NICE=-6

# ALSA Options:

# The following sets the ALSA (alsasound) init script to
# be a dependency of the slmodem one. It does also provides
# ALSA support.
# MODULE=alsa

# The modem hardware slot
# use "modem:0", "modem:1", etc.
# usually modem:1 is used
# HW_SLOT=modem:1

# Non-ALSA OPTIONS:

MODULE=slamr
# or
# MODULE=slusb

Now you can start the modem-daemon:

Code: Startup the modem-daemon
/etc/init.d/slmodem start

For dialing up there are some programs available. A list could be found at the Gentoo Packages Dialup-Category. I use wvdial.

Code: Emerge wvdial
emerge wvdial

Adopt the configuration to your needs. Substitute the Phone, Username and Password with the ones your provider gave you.

File: /etc/wvdial.conf
#
# wvdial.conf by ChristophTavan <chefturner@web.de>
#
# 2005-04-20
#
[Dialer Defaults]
Modem = /dev/ttySL0
Stupid Mode = 1
Baud = 460800
Init1 = ATZ
Init2 = ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
ISDN = 0
Modem Type = Analog Modem

# account for yourISP
[Dialer yourISP]
Phone = PHONENUMBER
Username = USERNAME
Password = PASSWORD
Carrier Check = no

If you want to add other accounts to your /etc/wvdial.conf then always include Carrier Check = no. Otherwise wvdial wont work with slmodem.

Now you are ready to connect to the internet (of course substitute yourisp with the appropriate account-name).

Code: Connect to the internet
wvdial yourisp

If you receive "Cannot open /dev/ttySL0: Cannot get information for serial port." you must update your libwvstreams to at least 4.0.2.

Code: Update libwvstreams
ACCEPT_KEYWORDS="~x86" emerge >=net-libs/wvstreams-4.0.2

Congratulations! Have fun surfing the web with amazing 5.3K/s!!!!!!!!!

Powersaving & ACPI

OK, welcome to the probably most tricky chapter of this howto. Let's start with the configuration of the SpeedStepping-Functions since this is not so complicated. We will configure ACPI later.

Speedstepping

First you should install the necessary software:

Code: Install cpufreqd
emerge sys-power/cpufreqd

Now you have to enable speedstepping in you kernel:

Linux Kernel Configuration: Speedstepping
Power management options (ACPI, APM)  --->
 [*] Power Management support
     CPU Frequency scaling  --->
     [*] CPU Frequency scaling
           Default CPUFreq governor (userspace)  --->
     <*>   'performance' governor
     <*>   'powersave' governor
     [*]     /proc/sys/cpu/ interface (2.4. / OLD)
     <*>   CPU frequency table helpers
     ---   CPUFreq processor drivers
     <*> Intel Enhanced SpeedStep

Just follow the HOWTO in the gentoo-handbook If it looks like this you're done! Start the speedfreqd with /etc/init.d/speedfreq start. You can now control the speedfreqd using the tool speedfreq -m. You shouldn't forget to rc-update add speedfreq boot to make speedfreqd start up automatically with every system-reboot.

ACPI

This was the part on which I lost hours and hours... But finally I've got it working! I actually can use nearly every ACPI-Feature except the Standby-Modes. None of them works right now, neither S1 nore S3. I think S4 can be set up with PM_DISK but I didn't try that yet.

First it is a good thing to upgrade to the latest BIOS-Version (I'm running 08UK at the moment). Just get the CD-Image or wahtever from samsungpc.com and follow the instructions described there.

there is no cd-image, please insert update-procedure here

Unfortunately also the new BIOS still comes with a broken DSDT so you have to follow the great howto in the gentoo-forum to fix the DSDT or if you're too lazy just download my fixed one from my website.

The new 2.6.9-kernel brings built-in-support for custom-DSDT-loading! Just check in your kernel config:

Linux Kernel Configuration: Hotplug
Device Drivers --->
  Generic Driver Options --->
    [ ] Select only drivers that don't need compile-time external firmware <- DESELECT THIS!
    [*] Prevent firmware from being built
    <*> Hotplug firmware loading support

Recompile the kernel and now all needed options for ACPI-Support can be activated in the kernel config (I renamed the dsdt.hex-file to acpi_dsdt.h and placed it in /usr/src/ct!!!):

Linux Kernel Configuration: ACPI
Power management options (ACPI, APM)  --->
 [*] Power Management support
   [*] ACPI Support
   [*]   Sleep States (EXPERIMENTAL)
   <*>   AC Adapter
   <*>   Battery
   <*>   Button
   <*>   Video
   <*>   Fan
   <*>   Processor
   <*>     Thermal Zone
   < >   ASUS/Medion Laptop Extras
   < >   IBM ThinkPad Laptop Extras
   < >   Toshiba Laptop Extras
   [*]   Include Custom DSDT
     (/usr/src/ct/acpi_dsdt.h) Custom DSDT Table file to include
   (0) Disable ACPI for systems before Jan 1st this year
   [*] Debug Statements
   [*] Power Management Timer Support

Recompile and install the kernel. Finally, don't forget to install the acpid and to edit /etc/acpi/events/default to your needs:

Code: Install acpid
emerge acpid
/etc/init.d/acpid start
rc-update add acpid boot

I researched an error which I always got and which prevented me from using the acpi properly. After I found the part, I simply uncommented it and now it works. (This should also work with older/non-mm1-kernels)

Code: diff for fixing a bug
--- linux-2.6.13-rc6-mm1/drivers/acpi/ec.c~hm-dsdt-fix 2005-08-21 21:22:07.336703000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.13-rc6-mm1/drivers/acpi/ec.c 2005-08-21 21:22:18.426703000 +0200
@@ -842,7 +842,7 @@
if (bit_width != 8 && acpi_strict) {
  printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX "acpi_ec_space_handler: bit_width should be 8\n");
- return_VALUE(AE_BAD_PARAMETER);
+// return_VALUE(AE_BAD_PARAMETER);
}
ec = (union acpi_ec *)handler_context;

USB

USB is supported by default by the kernel. You just have to enable it:

Linux Kernel Configuration: USB
Device Drivers  --->
  USB support  --->
   <*> Support for Host-side USB
   <M> EHCI HCD (USB 2.0) support
   [ ]   Full speed ISO transactions (EXPERIMENTAL)
   [ ]   Root Hub Transaction Translators (EXPERIMENTAL)
   <M> OHCI HCD support
   <M> UHCI HCD (most Intel and VIA) support

At least these three modules should be enabled. In addition USB device filesystem and especially USB Mass Storage support could be interesing. Simply enable everything you need in the USB-options and then recompile the kernel.

Now it is a good idea to emerge the hotplug-utilitie so that devices like mice or USB-sticks that you plug in while your laptop is running are initialized automatically:

Code: emerge hotplug
emerge hotplug hotplug-base coldplug

FireWire

FireWire (IEEE 1394) is also supported by the Kernel:

Linux Kernel Configuration: FireWire
Device Drivers  --->
  IEEE 1394 (FireWire) support  --->
   <M> IEEE 1394 (FireWire) support
   <M>   OHCI-1394 support
   ---   Protocol Drivers
   <M>   OHCI-1394 Video support
   <M>   SBP-2 support (Harddisks etc.)
   [ ]     Enable Phys DMA support for SBP2 (Debug)
   <M>   Ethernet over 1394
   <M>   OHCI-DV I/O support
   <M>   Raw IEEE1394 I/O support
   < >   IEC61883-1 Plug support

Simply enable everything you may need. I suppose FireWire will work fine then but I do not have any firewire-device for testing-purposes...

Special-Keys (FN-Keys)

  • Rest-Button (FN + Esc)
This button produces the acpi-event button/sleep SLPB and can be configured using acpid.
  • Battery Level (FN + F2)
Button makes raw bios calls and works out of the box.
  • LCD/CRT (FN + F4)
I was not able to get this button work, yet.
  • Mute (FN + F6)

LSee volume keys below.

  • Numlock (FN + F11) & Scroll Lock (FN + F12)
Again raw bios calls, they always work.
  • Display Brightness (FN + Uparrow / FN + Downarrow)
Again raw bios calls, they always work.
  • Volume Keys (FN + Leftarrow / FN + Rightarrow / FN + F6)
They send standard keycodes which you can read-out using xev. I mapped the keycodes to symbols using xkb, see next point.
  • Info-, E-Mail-,OK- and WLAN-Keys
The Wlan-Key is working out of the box. To make all the other keys on the left side work, you have to add these two lines to your /etc/conf.d/start.local:
File: /etc/conf.d/start.local
# Enable Info- and OK-MM-Keys on Samsung X30
setkeycodes 74 128
setkeycodes 75 127

Now all the multimedia-keys produce keycodes you can read out using xev. To make these keys usable we have to map the keycodes to corresponding symbols using xkb. Let me summarize first what keycodes the keys produce and which symbol we want to give each key:

Key Keycode XKB-Alias Symbol
FN + F6 160 <I20> XF86Mute
FN + Leftarrow 174 <I2E> XF86AudioLowerVolume
FN + Rightarrow 176 <I30> XF86AudioRaiseVolume
Info 232 <I68> XF86WWW
E-Mail 128 <HYPR> XF86Mail
OK 133 <AE13> XF86Terminal

To make this work we have to add the following lines to /etc/X11/xkb/symbols/inet:

File: /etc/X11/xkb/symbols/inet
//
// Keycode-to-symbol mappings for Samsung X30
// by Christoph Tavan <chefturner@web.de>
//
partial alphanumeric_keys
xkb_symbols "samsungx30" {
    name[Group1]= "Samsung X30";

    // Audio-Keys
    key <I20>   {       [ XF86AudioMute         ]       };
    key <I2E>   {       [ XF86AudioLowerVolume  ]       };
    key <I30>   {       [ XF86AudioRaiseVolume  ]       };

    // Special-Keys on the left
    key <I68>   {       [ XF86WWW               ]       };
    key <HYPR>  {       [ XF86Mail              ]       };
    key <AE13>  {       [ XF86Terminal          ]       };
};

Now we have to tell xkb that there are new keycode-to-symbol mappings called samsungx30 in the "inet"-symbols-table. So we have to edit a line in /etc/X11/xkb/rules/xorg:

File: /etc/X11/xkb/rules/xorg
! $inetkbds = airkey acpi scorpius azonaRF2300 \
              ...
              samsungx30 samsung4500 samsung4510 \
              ...

All we have to do is to ensure, that the InputDevice-section for the keyboard in /etc/X11/xorg.conf looks like:

File: /etc/X11/xorg.conf
...

Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier      "KeyboardLaptop"
        Driver          "keyboard"

        Option          "CoreKeyboard"
        Option          "XkbRules"      "xorg"
        Option          "XkbModel"      "samsungx30"
        Option          "XkbLayout"     "de"
        #Option         "XkbVariant"    "nodeadkeys"
        #Option         "XkbOptions"    ""
EndSection

...

Restart your X-server and if setxkbmap -print outputs the following, congratulations, you're (almost) done!

Code: setxkbmap output
xkb_keymap {
        xkb_keycodes  { include "xfree86+aliases(qwertz)"       };
        xkb_types     { include "complete"      };
        xkb_compat    { include "complete"      };
        xkb_symbols   { include "pc/pc(pc105)+pc/de+inet(samsungx30)"   };
        xkb_geometry  { include "pc(pc104)"     };
};

Now all your MM-keys produce symbols your windowmanager can understand. You can configure the functionality of the keys with the configuration-utilities of your windowmanager (e.g. KDE-Control Center) or with some other software (e.g. x11-misc/hotkeys).
Note for KDE-users: In KDE the Control Center-settings overwrite the settings from your xorg.conf! So if you have Keyboard Layouts enabled in your KDE-Control Center make sure, that you choose "Samsung X30 Notebook" as keyboard-model there.

TV-Out

VGA-Out

Links & Resources


Last modified: Thu, 21 Aug 2008 05:10:00 +0000 Hits: 7,840