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Gentoo:/proc/cpuinfo

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This file contains useful information about your processor(s). This page explains, what this file actually tells you.

The following is an output from /proc/cpuinfo on a laptop with a Core 2 Duo T7200 CPU.

processor       : 1
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 15
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM)2 CPU         T7200  @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 6
cpu MHz         : 1000.000
cache size      : 4096 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 2
core id         : 1
cpu cores       : 2
fdiv_bug        : no
hlt_bug         : no
f00f_bug        : no
coma_bug        : no
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 10
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe lm constant_tsc pni monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr lahf_lm
bogomips        : 3990.09
clflush size    : 64

As you can see, the file tells us we have one processor with two cores. Furthermore the cpu is clocked down to 1000 MHz. We also have a bunch of flags which tells us what extra instructions this processor has to offer.

flags

The flags line tells us what extra instructions the processor has to offer. This is a listing of flags with a short explanation of each. There is an even shorter explanation in the file /usr/include/asm/cpufeature.h.

Intel flags (This table is currently identical with /usr/include/asm/cpufeature.h. Hopefully some hardware god will share his wisdom and expand this table. )

Flag Description Common in processor types
fpu Onboard (x87) Floating Point Unit
vme Virtual Mode Extension
de Debugging Extensions
pse Page Size Extensions
tsc Time Stamp Counter: support for RDTSC and WRTSC instructions
msr Model-Specific Registers
pae Physical Address Extensions: ability to access 64GB of memory; only 4GB can be accessed at a time though
mce Machine Check Architecture
cx8 CMPXCHG8 instruction
apic Onboard Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
sep Sysenter/Sysexit Instructions; SYSENTER is used for jumps to kernel memory during system calls, and SYSEXIT is used for jumps back to the user code
mtrr Memory Type Range Registers
pge Page Global Enable
mca Machine Check Architecture
cmov CMOV instruction
pat Page Attribute Table
pse36 36-bit Page Size Extensions: allows to map 4 MB pages into the first 64GB RAM, used with PSE.
pn Processor Serial-Number; only available on Pentium 3
clflush CLFLUSH instruction
dtes Debug Trace Store
acpi ACPI via MSR
mmx MultiMedia Extension
fxsr FXSAVE and FXSTOR instructions
sse Streaming SIMD Extensions. Single instruction multiple data. Lets you do a bunch of the same operation on different pieces of input in a single clock tick.
sse2 Streaming SIMD Extensions-2. More of the same.
selfsnoop CPU self snoop
acc Automatic Clock Control
IA64 IA-64 processor Itanium.
ht HyperThreading. Introduces an imaginary second processor that doesn't do much but lets you run threads in the same process a bit quicker.
nx No Execute bit. Prevents arbitrary code running via buffer overflows.
pni Prescott New Instructions aka. SSE3
vmx Intel Vanderpool hardware virtualization technology
svm AMD "Pacifica" hardware virtualization technology
lm "Long Mode," which means the chip supports the AMD64 instruction set
tm "Thermal Monitor" Thermal throttling with IDLE instructions. Usually hardware controlled in response to CPU temperature.
tm2 "Thermal Monitor 2" Decrease speed by reducing multipler and vcore.
est "Enhanced SpeedStep"

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Last modified: Thu, 04 Sep 2008 04:24:00 +0000 Hits: 1,170